Tuesday, May 01, 2007
Dis-believing India? And Media trends!
By Harish Bijoor
Q: The summer months witness several brands of Tourism dominating the advertising-scape. How do brands of Tourism work? Is there a difference from the soap and candy?
Joy, tourism in any developing country is an upper-end brand. It is a category
that really sits atop the hierarchy of needs.
If you really draw a pyramid, brands of food and beverages would occupy the
lowest rung of the pyramid. Once a society satisfies these needs, you have
the detergents, clothes, personal care and basic cosmetic brands, sitting
just atop this bottom pile of food and beverages.
Just above that pile will sit more higher-end need brands such as brands of
cosmetics and cosmetic wear, perfumes, etc.
And higher than this sit the brands that promote holidays, tourism and such
pursuits as sport and adventure.
Right at the top peak of the pyramid of brands(As I build it conceptually)
would sit brands that help a consumer self-actualize, like yoga, meditation,
spiritual brands and movements such as the Aurobindo movement, Mahesh Yogi,
etc. Brands that seek charity work also sit here.
Tourism is therefore a relatively higher-end brand in the consumer stakes for
As consumer markets mature and as economic affordability of consumer
segments improve, consumers tend to climb the brand mountain higher and
With the current economic prosperity of
there is a great degree of interest in the tourism brand. This is so for
overseas travel and adventure first and then it moves to domestic tourism
The recent world cup Barbados travel package, exciting Australia Tourism
packages , Sri Lanka packages of Rs. 9999 and every other destination of import, whether it be "Surprising Singapore" or "Truly Asia-Malaysia", everyone has played their roles in
upping the image of this segment.
The paradigm shift lies in the fact that Indian consumers are wanting to
travel and spend money. The Indian is willing to spend more money on foreign
shores than Indian. That is a shift. The Indian is suddenly getting
comfortable with dollar denominated rates of expenditure and does not cringe
as much as he used to in the old days. This is another shift.
Tourism brands are built differently, using the fact of higher end want and need coloring this category.
Q: How does one build brand
A: Nalini, Brand
and brand the effort of India Inc aggressively in the markets of the West. It
is something like what the IT industry said at Davos: India Everywhere. I do
however believe that this is top-down branding.
A more solid way of building Brand
merit of a hundred offerings from
Yoga, TM, Mahesh Yogi, Mahatma Gandhi, Non-violence, IIT, and sundry other
such offerings are items that help such a bottom-up branding of
you aggregate these many offerings, they brand
I am for this second manner of branding Brand
Q: If there is a big trend in media terms, what is it?
-Sarayu Ghosh, Kolkata
Sarayu, Sarayu, Sarayu! You have given me such an open-ended question, that I can go on and on. And I will.
One big trend that I spot outright is the fact that marketers are believing more and more in the power of below the line media versus the traditional besotted-ness with
There is what I call creeping-BTL eating into what would have otherwise been
the rather large share of pie occupied by ATL. You might call this the loss of potential for ATL media. Something that will not be noticed if you look at the ATL media numbers growth.
Let’s back-track. In the early eighties, when color television first made inroads into
High Power Transmitter (HPT) every alternate day, ATL advertising led the
way. Marketers plonked their mega-bucks on ATL. The Asiad spurred on the ATL
movement further. The popular soaps of the day helped the movement on with
TRP levels of 'Buniyaad' and 'Humlog' hovering in the dizzy 73 TRP stratosphere. Something unimaginable today, where a TRP of 17 is considered hot.
This continued right up to early years of the 2000 series. Today, things are
The ATL media is completely splintered with 126 television channels to pick
from as options for viewership. Add another 6 specific programmes on these
126 channels and you have a splintered media that has a very, very fractured
viewership! So fractured that marketers are literally groping in the dark.
Our television viewership data is again one that is up for grabs. My key
criticism on the TAM (Television Audience Monitor) data is that the sample
size of homes tapped is just not representative enough. While the data may
be more representative of viewership patterns in the 8 big cities of
I am afraid it is utterly lacking as far as the 52 one million towns of
heterogeneity of peoples. Tracking media viewership reliably is a nightmare.
In the wake of this complexity, advertising delivery is at best a
grope-in-the-dark exercise. With markets getting even more complex and
demanding, ATL is working less and less. Further, there is a degree of
advertising cynicism creeping into the mind set of consumers in the big
cities and towns.
Therefore, over the years, savvy marketers have focused their attention
more and more on BTL. Today, the best marketers have a skew that is 55: 45
ATL to BTL. There are of course maverick examples of 30:70 as well.
BTL has risen in several forms. There is BTL that is complete
trade-leveraged activity. This is where the marketer is greasing the
distribution system and the front-line selling capability of this nation of
12 million plus shop-keepers. A substantial chunk of moneys is going into
discounts, shop-windows and incentivisation schemes of every variety, which
include strategies that create a chain of company reliable outlets, like the
HLL Super-Value stores.
Other BTL forms are the advertising forms below the line. Point of purchase
has emerged big here. Current available data indicates that as much of 76%
of purchase behavior can be swung at the point of purchase in some
categories such as apparel, FMCG and consumer durables. Marketers are
therefore plonking their moneys here as well.
And then there is Out of home media of every kind. A lot of money is going
out into hoardings, and newer forms that are just about emerging such as
street furniture and aero-bridges at airports. Newer forms are slated
to emerge. This industry is slated to hover around the 960 Crore mark as of
now of the 13,500 advertising industry at large.
Harish Bijoor is a business strategy specialist and CEO, Harish Bijoor Consults Inc.